Here’s a question – What if Uber’s ad on how much Uber drivers make is not entirely true? You and I have seen their advertising; the lofty claims of $25/hour, a flexible schedule, and very generous sign on bonuses worth thousands.
Believe it or not, these ads work. Between 2010 and 2014, drivers making money with ridesharing apps rose by 69% in the USA. And in 2015 alone, this number spiked to 63% in just that single year.
Look at this graph and take notice of the hockey stick growth in the dark blue line:
Because of these lofty ads, many drivers have quit their full-time jobs and turned to Uber to make ends meet.
While being an Uber driver can be great, it does have risks. I personally drive in the Midwest, and I’ve made anywhere from $5/hour during times of high driver supply and passenger demand, to $50+/hour during a glacial snowstorm when almost all other drivers were hibernating like bears in their beds.
Based on this experience I used to think that Uber was a worthwhile side gig, and would often recommend it to others. But after reading this article, I now question Uber’s $25 per hour claims of drivers pulling in six figures a year, so I decided to do some personal digging.
After asking around, our team found that more often than not, the earnings these drivers pull in fall well below their expectations, and there seems to be a bit of confusion as to how much Uber drivers get paid.
So to clear up the confusion, our team created a survey that measured driver earnings and satisfaction to finally get some answers.
Over 2,600 active drivers took our survey, which allowed us to analyze $1,027,585 in driver earnings that represent 62,583 paid driver hours.
After getting the data, we thoroughly analyzed it and compiled our final results into our newest article, Ridester’s 2018 Independent Driver Earnings Survey.
Our final results are interesting, to say the least. While some parts fall in line with what has been previously reported about driver earnings, many of our findings are unique.
Well, today I’m going to shed some light on the topic and reveal some findings from our survey results.
Quick Post Navigation:
- How much do drivers really make?
- How is Uber driver pay calculated?
- How much do drivers spend on expenses?
- Calculate Income for your City
- My take on driver earnings
- Drive smarter and increase earnings
Interestingly enough, I found that to truly figure out about how much Uber drivers get paid, it’s important to take into account two main points that often times get overlooked by most drivers:
- How much does the Uber ride cost?
- How much are Uber driver expenses?
The different factors that affect these numbers widely vary by city, but the general idea stays the same no matter where you drive. Let’s dig a bit deeper.
1. How much does an Uber ride cost?
Before we go any further we need to know how much Uber pays drivers for each ride they give.
Riders get charged via a simple formula: Fare = Time + Distance.
For every minute a passenger is in the Uber, they get charged (X x minutes). On top of that, every mile you travel also gets charged (X x miles).
Okay, I told a small lie there. The total fare has a few more variables. They are:
- Base Fare
- Rider Fee / Booking Fee
- Surge Pricing
The Base Fare is fixed per trip. The Rider Fee or Booking Fee is also fixed and is set to cover things like driver background checks and other driver-related expenses Uber incurs on booking.
These fees vary from city to city and also on what Uber the passenger requests.
Finally, if driver supply is low and passenger requests are high, SURGE Pricing might be enabled, to encourage more drivers to come to the road, costing the riders more. This is a multiplier and its value depends on the gap between driver supply and passenger demand. The wider the gap, the higher the multiplier.
So how riders get charged is based on a formula that has two parts. First, we work out the subtotal.
SubTotal = Base Fare + Time + Distance
Then we apply the surge pricing (if any. If passenger demand and rider supply are balanced then this number is just 1.0) to the subtotal, then add the booking fee to get the fare the passenger pays.
Passenger Fare = (Subtotal x Surge Pricing) + Booking Fee
However, this is not the payout the Uber Driver gets. Let’s illustrate with an example.
For this scenario, we’ll be using the example of a rider in Chicago traveling via UberX from The Sears Tower to the Navy Pier. The ride is 2.3 miles and takes approximately 15 minutes. In Chicago, the base fare is $1.70, the cost per minute is $0.20 and the cost per mile is $0.90, in addition to a booking fee of $1.20.
Passenger fare: 1.70 + (0.20 x 15) + (0.90 x 2.3) + 1.20 = approx $8. (However, our Uber Fare Estimator estimates this being between $12-14)
Let’s take an optimistic outlook and say the final passenger fare will be $14.
Not bad, right?
Well, the driver doesn’t actually get to keep all that money. Uber takes a 20% cut of the final fare.
It’s also worth pointing out that even if the rider is on a new user promotional credit, the driver still gets paid like normal.
$14 – 1.20 Booking Fee – ($12.8 x 0.80) = $10.24
So for the 15-minute ride, the driver would only earn $10.24. That’s not net, that’s their total payout for the ride before expenses, which brings us to our next point.
After a driver has given an Uber ride, they must calculate the hidden cost of the ride. Often drivers overlook these expenses, which then comes back to bite them later down the road.
These expenses include:
- Insurance: This includes personal insurance and a rideshare or commercial insurance policy.
- Car/lease payments: amounts a driver pays to drive their vehicle. Drivers either own their own vehicles or lease one from Uber or a third-party provider.
- Tolls, license, permit fees: drivers pay for all of these fees. Passengers pay an added surcharge when drivers must incur toll fees.
- Gas: since drivers are considered independent contractors, they must pay for their own gas, and are not reimbursed
- Vehicle maintenance: drivers are responsible for their own vehicle maintenance and upkeep. They will be reimbursed if a rider damages their vehicle, however.
These types of expenses, again, can vary widely on a bunch of different factors, including what type of car you drive, what city you drive in, age, driving record, etc..
Given that fact, we’ll summarize these expenses and speak in broad generalities.
It’s a general rule of thumb for the rideshare industry to budget roughly 20% of the total ride fare amount for ride-related expenses.
In our example, that would mean: $10.24 x 0.8 = $8.19
At that rate – hypothetically speaking, after factoring in pickup, dropoff, and dead time – the UberX driver could estimate to make somewhere in the neighborhood of $15-20/hour if they were to get 2 similar rides each hour they drove.
Bottom line: Uber drivers have a lot of expenses, that cut into their earnings, and drastically affect how much they pocket when it’s all said and done.
Now that we’ve dug into how the process works and looked at an example, let’s dive into some hard data.
To get a better understanding of exactly how much Uber drivers are currently making, we’ve compiled a list of figures from drivers nationwide.
**DISCLOSURE** – The numbers and figures listed in this article are meant to give a general representation of what some Uber drivers in the industry are currently making. I am by no means claiming that you will or will not make these amounts. What you earn depends on many factors out of my control, and I cannot be held accountable for the final number you pull in.
The data gathered in the Ridester 2018 Independent Driver Earnings Survey (RIDES) is the most accurate way, in my opinion, to determine how much Uber drivers are earning.
Over a short period, we collected survey responses through a variety of outlets, including our email list, social media posts, and driver groups.
We asked drivers to tell us what they’re making by self-reporting income figures, and also provide screenshots from Uber that showed their earnings. In the end, we had two income figures: what drivers said they made, and what drivers actually made. And it’s a good thing we collected both.
Even though our survey walked drivers very carefully through a series of questions, their self-reported average earnings came in 35.53% higher than their screenshots showed. Meaning, it’s likely that drivers are overreporting what they actually make when taking other surveys.
Of the 2,625 total responses we received, we analyzed 2,603 self-reported driver earnings declarations– totaling $1,027,585 in driver earnings and representing 62,583 paid driver hours.
Of the 2,625 respondents, 928 provided screenshots from their Uber or Lyft driver apps. Of the 928 submitted screenshots, 719 met our standards and were usable.
The screenshots of actual driver earnings allowed us to view and analyze driver trips that accounted for $81,970 in income, representing 5,244 paid driver hours.
Because we analyzed real earnings data, we have a very high level of confidence that our earnings figures are an accurate representation of real driver earnings.
Suggested read: Survey methodology – how we collected and analyzed the data
Before we asked what drivers earned, we wanted to group the respondents into service levels so we would have an accurate representation of what each type of driver was making.
For example, an UberX driver makes far less than an UberBLACK driver, so collecting data from these different drivers then averaging hourly amount wouldn’t be entirely accurate, since the final number would fall somewhere into the middle.
Instead, we needed to group drivers together by service type, then tally their responses from there.
Listed in order from lowest to highest paying, the most common services are:
We then took each driver’s earning screenshot and grouped it into the proper service level to determine what each type of drivers are making as a whole.
While these figures are total amounts after the company’s fee is subtracted, they don’t take into consideration other driver expenses such as insurance, gas, depreciation, etc…
The results are listed below for what drivers reported to earn, compared to what they earned based on their screenshots:
uberX (74.7% of respondents)
- Self-Reported Median Income: $14.22
- Actual Median Income: $13.70 (before tips – see the next section on Tips)*
uberXL (16.4% of respondents)
- Self-Reported Median Income: $15.48
- Actual Median Income: $14.84
uberSELECT (6.4% of respondents)
- Self-Reported Median Income: $13.89
- Actual Median Income: $14.85
uberBLACK (0.8% of respondents)
- Self-Reported Median Income: $16.47
- Actual Median Income: $24.87**
uberSUV (1.3% of respondents)
- Self-Reported Median Income: $10.93
- Actual Median Income: $25.38**
Our findings give a clear snapshot of the income difference between low end and high-end drivers. We’ve covered this in past articles, but you can see for yourself the power of higher-end services at work.
Our team compiled these results as a whole to find the median income nationwide, then ranked them.
The best and worst cities to drive in – in terms of median hourly earnings are:
Our survey got to the bottom of driver earnings, but we took things a step further to measure driver satisfaction with both rideshare companies and earnings amounts. And given the numbers above, the results weren’t surprising.
Our drivers gave Uber an abysmal 2.9 stars on this score… a full 70.7% of our respondents gave Uber 3 stars or less.
This shows a deep dissatisfaction in the driver ranks over earnings. Uber has big problems with drivers on this paramount issue, and has a lot of work to do to get their earnings satisfaction rating up to minimally acceptable levels.
(article continues below infographic)
The second way to find out how much rideshare drivers are making in your city is to get an estimate using the Ridester Uber driver income estimator.
Our calculator will crunch the numbers and show you not only how much Uber drivers in your city are making, but how much Lyft drivers are earning as well.
Our estimator uses data directly from the top rideshare companies to calculate how much you can make on a daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly basis.
Enter your city, input your current expenses, then see how much you can make. Check it out:
A lot of us had suspected these low figures, but this is the first time we’ve had objective third-party confirmation. The rates Uber is paying drivers are amazingly low, so it really makes you wonder why so many people are still driving for these companies.
Many of these rates are below minimum wage, especially after you factor in car costs and other driving-related expenses. It’s a pretty good bet they spend more than $0.34 in gasoline per hour. They also have wear and tear and depreciation on their cars that will eat substantially into their hourly earnings. In fact, at these rates, I would bet they’re not making any money at all, they are probably losing money every hour they drive.
Last year, we sent out a poll asking drivers how “How much money do you make per hour driving for Uber?” and drivers answered.
Our findings this year are almost more grim than last year’s. At these rates, New York City looks one of the only markets in the country where UberX drivers actually stand a chance at making a decent income.
Uber drivers in New York earn approximately $20.54 an hour. As a driver myself, I can confirm that this sounds pretty accurate. I was even informed that some drivers consistently get a few hours every week and earn roughly $25-$35 per week.
But when you sit down and think about it – how does it really make sense to work for a company that pays less than minimum wage but demands you bring a $20,000 – $30,000 piece of equipment to the job? And at that same time, the company requires you to put your own personal assets at risk (because there is no legal way to be insured for this type of work).
The company pays no benefits at all, and will not be there for you if for any unforeseen reason you acquire some kind of disability and are no longer able to work. You’re a contractor, and if you get hurt or wreck your car doing something unrelated to Uber, you’re on your own.
Aren’t we all better off working at McDonald’s for minimum wage? At least McDonald’s doesn’t require us to bring some really expensive equipment to the job. Nor do they require us to put our own personal assets at risk in order to do the job.
I don’t think drivers, in accepting these extremely low wages, are factoring in the value of that really expensive piece of equipment that they’re bringing to the job! And all Uber and Lyft can do to show their gratitude is to barely pay minimum wage?
They still demand 20% of the drivers’ earnings. Airbnb only takes 3% in fees. That sounds a lot more reasonable when you consider Uber and Lyft drivers are providing all the equipment needed for the job and taking on enormous personal risk.
In fact, drivers have provided more than $4 BILLION worth of cars to Uber. Uber essentially has a $4 billion dollar fleet on the road and they haven’t spend a single dime on a car! That’s the value drivers are bringing to the job – and it not only deserves, but demands better compensation.
But regardless of low rates, we found a unique trend. To offset the low rates, it appears that some enterprising drivers are flocking to the platforms with the sole intention of claiming the huge signup bonuses Uber is offering new drivers. After all, it makes sense since Uber is giving away massive sign-on bonuses worth hundreds of dollars in an effort to compete with Lyft, which is giving also away bonuses worth up to $1,000.
That’s just one of the ways drivers are offsetting their income. What are the other ways they’re doing this? By becoming creative when driving.
Uber gets a bad rap for hiring contractors. While many drivers echo the sentiment above, typically in a negative way, they’re not wrong. But they’re also not entirely right either.
Uber has given hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of normal people a way to earn money on their own terms. Driving for Uber allows people to work their 9-5 and earn extra money on the side. If they want to ditch the office job altogether, that option is there as well.
But what if drivers want to truly get ahead?
Like anything in life, if you want to get ahead, you have to think outside the box. There are tons of ways Uber drivers can get ahead and add a significant boost in their income.
A few ways for Uber drivers to increase their earnings:
Tips are one of the easiest and most lucrative ways for existing Uber drivers to increase their income. There are many ways for an enterprising driver to increase their odds of getting tips:
- Hand out freebies – You’d be surprised at how many passengers appreciate some water, candy, gum or mints during rides. These can be bought in bulk, and a little gesture can go a long way.
- Be friendly and professional – This is just common sense, but there is a body of research that backs up likeability as an effective tool in persuasion. (Link to this?)
- Don’t be a jerk – Connected to the above point and again common sense. But I’ve ridden with some arrogant jerks in the past and gotten a very bad impression. It’s always a breath of fresh air to get in the car with someone body who genuinely wants me to be there.
The Uber referral program is another incredibly lucrative, underused way to earn more money as an Uber driver. As a way of countering Lyft’s huge rider and driver bonuses, Uber is practically giving away cash right now, offering existing drivers the chance to earn $5 for each passenger they refer to the app, and hundreds of dollars in cash for each new driver they refer.
There are several different ways to refer people, such as:
- Encouraging friends to join
- Passing out referral cards in social gatherings such as at a bar or at meetups
- Be the “Go To Guy” for signing up Uber drivers in your network. Check out the story of Joseph Ziyaee who made $90,000 in 6 months purely from referral bonuses. We’re not suggesting you can make as much as he did, but there are some valuable lessons you could use to partially increase your income.
Ask your local Uber support team what the current bonuses are in your city to get started.
Any way you look at it, it’s easy money that’s ripe for the picking.
These are just a few examples that come to mind, but there are tons more that I haven’t thought of.
At the end of the day, when you sign up to drive for Uber, you sign up to be your own boss. You run your own business, think like it. Once you adopt that mentality, things will start falling into place.
Earnings vary for Uber drivers on a city-to-city basis. However, our research show that the average driver earns $8.80-$11 per hour of driving for Uber after accounting for driving expenses. New York drivers earn an average of $29.34/hour, while Nashville drivers earn $8.11/hour.
Questions? Comments? Connect with us and other drivers in the comments below. Ready… go!Note: There is a rating embedded within this post, please visit this post to rate it.